Genitourinary cancers arise in the urinary system and the male reproductive system. These include prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, testicular cancer and cancers of the penis.
The urinary system is responsible for getting rid of body fluid (excretion) in form of urine or urea. This system also makes sure certain chemicals within our bodies, such as potassium and sodium, are kept in balance.
The male reproductive system is responsible for making and carrying the male reproductive cells (sperm) and its fluid called semen. This system makes sure the male sex cells and hormones are kept in balance.
Major parts of the urinary system include:
Major organs of the male reproductive system include:
- Prostate gland
Cancer happens in any of these organs when a cell grows abnormally and out of control. Treatment depends on the site and the stage of the disease. Usually multimodality treatment (Surgery, Radiation, Chemotherapy, Hormonal therapy) is required to treat these cancers.
We at Apollo Hospital have multidisciplinary team (Surgical Oncologist, Urologist, Radiation Oncologist, Medical Oncologist and Occupational Therapist) to take care of these kind of cancers. The treatment decisions are made in Tumor Board and joint clinics after discussing with the patient and relatives. It’s always a Team work and a collective decision to get the best outcome.